How To Stain Wood Projects

Stain for wood

How to stain wood, what products to use, and type of sanding paper to use? All good questions and it is important to find the right answers before starting!
When staining a wood project there are many things to consider. You will find lots of articles on the staining process with tips and tricks for the best results. The process is similar, however, there is a framework to the overall approach for staining a wood project.
If you have identified the project and selected the type of wood to use for the project you are on your way to a great start!
As you know, there are many types of woods to choose from. After you have made the wood selection for your project, it is important to find a location with plenty of space, consistent temperature, and good ventilation when using the staining products.
In addition, make sure the wood and wood preparation products are kept at room temperature before starting. Both the wood surface and wood preparation products should be kept in an area above 65° F. Let them sit at room temperature overnight before starting your wood project. It is recommended to maintain the room temperature above 65° F to ensure the drying process does not slow down, if the process should slow down the surface will remain in a tacky state longer, and take longer to dry.
The experts agree to inspect the wood first and identify any cracks, holes, and split areas in need of repairs. Small holes and cracks in the wood can be filled using Minwax® Stainable Wood Filler. Use the tip of a screwdriver to carefully pack the wood filler into the hole, mounding it slightly to allow for shrinkage as it dries.
The next step is sanding and one of the most important steps in wood finishing.
A thorough sanding is what separates acceptable results with beautiful brilliant results!
Start with a medium grade of sandpaper (e.g. #120) and gradually work your way to a finer grade (e.g. #220). Sand in the direction of the grain for a smooth, uniform finish and remove all sanding dust using a vacuum, dry paint brush or cloth. Look for dried glue, especially in the joint areas. The dried glue must be thoroughly removed to ensure the best staining results.
Stain comes in oil or water-based products. Oil stains have longer drying times, which will come in handy if you’re working on larger projects like floors, paneling and doors. Water based stains are low odor and fast drying which will allow you to stain and finish within 24 hours.

Wood Stain and Wood Finish

Wood Stain and Wood Finish

Oak is the easiest wood to stain. Pine may look great, but can often stain unevenly, due to the knots in the wood. Wood rarely absorbs the stain evenly. The various sizes of pores account for the difference in the amount of stain one board or even one section of a board will absorb compared to another. To minimize this difference and to reduce the blotchiness that often occurs when staining, brush on a coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner after removing the sanding dust, but before you apply your stain.

Choosing a pre-stain wood conditioner is simple. If you plan on using an oil-based stain, you must use the oil-based Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner. If you plan on using a water-based stain, use Minwax® Water Based Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner. When using oil-based conditioner, allow it to penetrate into the wood for 5-15 minutes. Then be sure to remove any excess with a clean, dry cloth.

When using Water Based Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner, allow it to penetrate for 1-5 minutes, then remove any excess. Water Based Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner causes the wood fibers to swell, lightly sand the surface with a fine grade sandpaper 15-30 minutes after application.

Pre-Stains, water and oil based

Pre-Stains, water and oil based

Apply a liberal amount of stain in sections and wipe with a rag. Remember the longer you leave on stain, the darker it will get. Always stir the stain before using as some of the color pigments can settle at the bottom of the can. It is recommended to always stir the stain and never shake the stain product!
Again, Sand before you stain and always sand in the direction of the grain and never sand after staining is finished!
Now we are ready to apply a top coat, a top coat of water-based polycrylic is best! For oil-based stain you can also use a top coat a water-based polycrylic.

Polycrylic

Polycrylic

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some additional tips:  

Apply a thin coat of stain, too must stain on the project will cause the stain to peel. If you are looking for a darker finish, use multiple coats to get the best results.    If you use a foam brush to apply the stain and then wipe with a rag, you should know to NOT use a foam brush for the finishing coat!

Do you like short cuts? If so, you are looking for a stain and finish all in one step Minwax has Express Colors. It is like a cream, you can wipe off quickly with a rag and you are ready to go. It comes in four colors and four wood tones. If you do not want the one step Minwax offers, Minwax Polyshades which is the stain and polyurethane in one step in liquid form.

Poly Shades - all in one

Poly Shades – all in one

When you go shopping for stain you will find lots of choices for stains and polyurethane, Minwax is just my choice and favorite to use and has never let me down!
Enjoy your next staining project and remember these important tips!
Happy staining!

You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

Leave a Reply

Powered by AWS